The Present Perfect tense is used to indicate a link between the present and the past. The time of the action is before now but not specified, and we are often more interested in the result than in the action itself.
It is formed with a present tense form of “to have” plus the past participle of the verb.
For example, Look! Somebody has broken the window.
I have walked on this path before.
SEE ALSO: 12 Present Continuous Flashcards
We offer you the revise this grammar topic with the help of printable flashcards. In the downloadable PDF set, you will find the following examples of Present Perfect usage:
- She has just read the book
- I’ve lost my keys
- I’ve never eaten Chinese food
- They have won the game
- He’s worked at bank for years
- I’ve just washed up
- She has been to London
- Somebody has broken the window
- The child has eaten chocolates
- He’s bought a new car
- They’ve already seen that film
- Kids have made a mess in the room
The Use of Present Perfect
Present Perfect is used to describe:
- An action or situation that started in the past and continues in the present.
I have lived in Bristol since 1984 (= and I still do.)
- An action performed during a period that has not yet finished.
She has been to the cinema twice this week (= and the week isn’t over yet.)
- A repeated action in an unspecified period between the past and now.
We have visited Portugal several times.
- An action that was completed in the very recent past, expressed by ‘just’.
I have just finished my work.
- An action when the time is not important.
He has read ‘War and Peace’. (= the result of his reading is important).
Note: When we want to give or ask details about when, where, who, we use the Past Simple tense.