8 There is / There are flashcards

there is-are

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“There is/There are” is a key topic for early English learners. Using it, students can easily describe WHAT is located SOMEWHERE.

There are general rules of using “There is/There are” phrases.

We use there is for singular and there are for plural.

  • There is a dog in the car
  • There are two cats on the roof

We also use There is with uncountable nouns:

  • There is milk in the fridge.

The contraction of there is is there’s. You cannot contract there are.

  • There’s a good song on the radio.

The negative is formed by putting not after is or are:

  • There is not a horse in the field.
  • There are not eight children in the school.

To form a question we place is / are in front of there. We also use there is / are in short answers.

  • Is there a dog in the supermarket? – No, there isn’t.
  • Are there any polar bears in Antarctica? – No, there aren’t.
  • Is there any ice-cream in the freezer? – Yes, there is.

Use there are when you’re talking about “a lot” of countable nouns. There is comes with uncountable nouns.

  • There are a lot of apples in the basket.
  • There is a lot of money in the wallet.

When you’re making a list of things, use there is or there are depending on the first item.

  • There is a kitchen, a living room, and a bedroom in my apartment.

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